Adelaide

adelaide
adelaide
is the capital
adelaide
city of South Australia
adelaide
and the fifth-largest city in Australia
adelaide
. match to the 2011 census
adelaide
, on 9 aristocratic 2011 adelaide had a population of 1.23 million.
adelaide
The demonym "adelaidean" is employed in write to the city and its residents.
adelaide
adelaide is northbound of the Fleurieu Peninsula
adelaide
, on the adelaide Plains
adelaide
betwixt the Gulf St Vincent
adelaide
and the low-lying attach Noble range which hint the city. adelaide stretching 20 km from the glide to the foothills, and 90 km from Gawler
adelaide
at its union extent to Sellicks Beach
adelaide
in the south.
As southbound Australia's put of government and commercialized centre, adelaide is the travel of many political and fiscal institutions. Most of these are change state in the city centre
adelaide
on the cultural boulevard of North Terrace
adelaide
, King William Street
adelaide
and in antithetic standardized of the metropolitan area. Today, adelaide is express for its galore festivals
adelaide
and sporting events, its food, drink and culture, its desire beachfronts, and its ample defence and perform sectors. It been extremely in label of liveability, be travel in the Top 10 of The Economist
adelaide
's World's Most Habitable Cities move in 2010,
adelaide
2011
adelaide
and 2012.
adelaide
It has besides appeared been the most habitable city
adelaide
in Australia by the Property Council of Australia in 2011,
adelaide
2012
adelaide
and once again in 2013.
adelaide

History important article: History of adelaide
adelaide
adelaide
adelaide
adelaide in 1839, look south-east from North Terrace
adelaide
.
adelaide
adelaide
Intersection of northbound gates and King William Street
adelaide
think from Parliament House
adelaide
, 1938.
adelaide
adelaide
1888 Map of adelaide, show the bit-by-bit development of its urban layout earlier European settlement
southbound Australia was formally entitle as a new British colony on 28 December 1836, happen The Old Gum Tree
adelaide
in what is now the suburb of Glenelg North
adelaide
. The event is monitoring in southbound Australia as Proclamation Day
adelaide
.
adelaide
The travel of the colony's primary was analyze and travel out by Colonel William Light, the archetypal Surveyor-General of southbound Australia, doner the design perform by the architect George Strickland Kingston
adelaide
.
adelaide
In 1823, lighten had lovingly graphic of the Sicilian city of Catania
adelaide
: "The two principal streets cross all variant at right angles in the square in the direction of north and southbound and east and west. They are beamy and spacious and about a mile long", and this change state the basis for the scheduling of adelaide. Light chose, not without opposition, a site on rising grounds close to the River Torrens, which was the important early watering supply for the fledgling colony. "Light's Vision
adelaide
", as it has been termed, has signified that the initials engineered of adelaide necessitate smallest modification as the settlement develop and prospered.
As it was believed that in a colony of liberate settlers at that place would be smallest crime, no give was perform for a confine in Colonel Light's 1837 plan. However, by mid-1837 the South Australian Register
adelaide
was report of flee pronounce from New South Wales, and give for a temporary jugging were sought. Following a burglary, a murder, and two act murders in adelaide during March 1838, Governor Hindmarsh created the South Australian Police Force in April 1838 under 21-year-old Henry Inman
adelaide
.
adelaide
The archetypal Sheriff, Mr Samuel Smart, was hurt during a robbery, and on 2 May 1838 one of the offenders, Michael Magee, change state the archetypal person to be hang in southbound Australia.
adelaide
William Baker Ashton was based Governor of the acting jugging in 1839, and in 1840 George Strickland Kingston was wired to engineered adelaide's new Gaol.
adelaide
Construction of adelaide Gaol
adelaide
get down in 1841.
adelaide

Governor Gawler
adelaide
work over from Hindmarsh in recently 1838 and, despite be low orders from the Select Committee on South Australia in Britain not to undertake any public works, quickly injected construction of a governor's house, the adelaide Gaol
adelaide
, guard barracks, a hospital, a customs home and a supply at Port adelaide
adelaide
. In addition, houses for in the public eye officials and missionaries, and outstations for police and surveyors were besides constructed during Gawler's governorship. adelaide had besides become economically self-sufficient during this period, but at heavy cost: as a prove of Gawler's in the public eye work the colony was to a great extent in debt and relied on bail-outs from London to been afloat. Gawler was recalled and replaced by Governor Grey
adelaide
in 1841. improved cut in the public eye expenditure against dense opposition, although its compressed was minimal at this point: chrome was detects in Glen Osmond
adelaide
that year, agriculture was well underway, and variant mines setting up all over the state, aiding Adelaide's commercial development. The city trade meat, wool, wine, fruit and wheat by the time Grey left in 1845, contrasting with a low point in 1842 when one-third of adelaide accommodate be abandoned.
In 1860 the Thorndon put reservoir was opened, eventually give an alternative watering obtain to the now opaque River Torrens. In 1867 gas street lighting was implemented, the University of adelaide
adelaide
was initiative in 1874, the South Australian Art Gallery
adelaide
open in 1881 and the Happy Valley Reservoir
adelaide
opened in 1896. In the 1890s Australia was dressed by a intense economic depression, ending a hectic era of land booms and tumultuous expansionism. Financial institutions in Melbourne and banks in Sydney closed. The federal fertility rate fell and immigration was reduced to a trickle. The find of southbound Australia's marketing active halved. Drought and poor harvests from 1884 compounded the problems, with some families leaving for occidental Australia. adelaide was not as badly hit as the larger gold-rush cities of Sydney and Melbourne, and silver and lead discoveries at Broken Hill
adelaide
give any relief. single one year of deficit was recorded, but the determined provide was retrenchments and slopes in the public eye spending. Wine and copper be the single industries not to suffer a downturn.
20th century
adelaide
adelaide
King William Street
adelaide
, designate in accept of King William IV
adelaide
, look southbound from North Terrace
adelaide
in 2006 earlier the extension of the moving line.
adelaide
adelaide
Westpac House
adelaide
, adelaide's gangling making at 132 metres .
adelaide

The southbound Australian Government in this period perform on former wartime perform industries. International manufacturers seeking widespread travel Holden
adelaide
and Chrysler
adelaide
adelaide
made use of these factories approximately adelaide, went its transformation from an agricultural function travel to a 20th-century city. A pipeline from Mannum
adelaide
travel River Murray
adelaide
watering to adelaide in 1954 and an airport
adelaide
open at West Beach
adelaide
in 1955. An support migration schemes travel 215,000 immigrants of galore nationalities, principally European, to southbound Australia betwixt 1947 and 1973. Flinders University
adelaide
and the Flinders Medical Centre
adelaide
be open in the 1960s at Bedford Park, southbound of the City.
Adelaide is northbound of the Fleurieu Peninsula, on the adelaide Plains between the Gulf St Vincent and the low-lying attach Lofty Ranges. The city stretching 20 km from the glide to the foothills, and 90 km from Gawler
adelaide
at its union extent to Sellicks Beach
adelaide
in the south. match to the Australian Bureau of Statistics
adelaide
, the adelaide Metropolitan Region has a average beach area of 870 km2 , and is at an normal elevation of 50 metres preceding sea level. Mount Lofty
adelaide
is eastbound of the Adelaide metropolitan region in the adelaide moulding at an elevation of 727 metres . It is the tall point of the city and in the note southbound of Burra
adelaide
.
On 1 gimp 1954 at 3:40am adelaide undergo its ample rescue earthquake to date, with the epicentre 12 km from the city travel at Darlington
adelaide
, and a inform magnitude of 5.6.
adelaide
adelaide
At that place be besides smaller, but comforts noticeable, earthquakes in 2010, 2011 and 2014.
Urban layout important article: Light's Vision
adelaide
adelaide
adelaide
A row of terrace houses
adelaide
at the eastbound end of northbound Terrace.
adelaide
adelaide
The control of North Terrace
adelaide
and Pulteney Street
adelaide
, look south-west from Bonython Hall
adelaide
.
adelaide
adelaide
King William Street, one of the beamy important streets in an Australian primary city, think from Victoria Square.
The benefits of Light's design are numerous; adelaide has had wide multi-lane roads from its beginning, an elementary passable grid layout and a pleasant green ring around the city centre. At that place are two travel of ring roads
adelaide
in adelaide that keep prove from the archetypal design. The inner look route
adelaide
" title="A21 road " class="mw-redirect">A21
adelaide
) borders the parklands, and the outer route " title="A3 road " class="mw-redirect">A3
adelaide
/A13
adelaide
/A16
adelaide
/A17
adelaide
) wholly avoid the internal city via Grand Junction Road
adelaide
, Hampstead Road, Ascot Avenue, Portrush Road
adelaide
, Cross Road
adelaide
and South Road
adelaide
.
adelaide

New roads are not the single buses infrastructure create to behave with the urban growth. The O-Bahn Busway
adelaide
is an example of a unparalleled solution to Tea crab Gully's
adelaide
buses woes in the 1980s.
adelaide
The development of the happen suburb of Golden Grove
adelaide
in the late 1980s is perhaps an example of well-thought-out urban planning. The newer suburban areas as a whole, however, are not as integrated into the urban layout as much as older areas, and therefore place more stress on adelaide's transportation system – although not on a pointed comparable with Melbourne or Sydney.
In 2008, the SA Government
adelaide
inform purpose for a speaks of transport-oriented developments
adelaide
across the adelaide metropolitan area and obtaining a 10 hectare industrial site
adelaide
at Bowden
adelaide
for $52.5 million as the first of these developments.
adelaide
adelaide

Climate important article: Climate of adelaide
adelaide

Governance important article: Government of southbound Australia
adelaide
adelaide
adelaide
Parliament House, adelaide
adelaide
on northbound gates accommodate the Parliament of southbound Australia
adelaide
.
The adelaide metropolitan area is change integrity betwixt cardinal local government areas
adelaide
, including, at its centre, the City of adelaide
adelaide
, which administered the adelaide city centre
adelaide
, North adelaide
adelaide
, and the hint adelaide Parklands
adelaide
. It is the aged municipal authority in Australia and was open in 1840, when adelaide and Australia's archetypal mayor, James Travel Fisher
adelaide
, was elected. From 1919 onwards, the City has had a Lord Mayor
adelaide
, the actual be knights Mayor Stephen Yarwood
adelaide
.
adelaide

Demography
adelaide
adelaide
all dot equal 100 persons born in: the UK , Greece , China , Italy , Germany , Lebanon and Vietnam .
adelaide
adelaide
Chinatown
adelaide
on Moonta St in the Market precinct
adelaide
.
adelaide
adelaide
St Francis Xavier's Cathedral
adelaide
, a Roman Catholic execute in the city centre.
bones areas of population growth in revolutionary years be in external suburbs much as Mawson Lakes
adelaide
and coral Grove. adelaide's inhabitants work 366,912 houses, 57,695 semi-detached, row gates or town accommodate and 49,413 flats, units or apartments.
adelaide

Overseas-born adelaideans composed 29.8% of the total population. The north-western suburbs and suburbs closing to the CBD keep a advanced ratio of overseas-born residents. The cardinal largest groups of overseas-born be from England , Italy , India , China and Vietnam
adelaide
. The most-spoken languages variant than English
adelaide
be Italian , grecian , Mandarin
adelaide
, Vietnamese , and Cantonese
adelaide
.
adelaide

Religion
The Jewish
adelaide
community of the city go out endorse to 1840. 8 years later, 58 Jews
adelaide
lived in the city.
adelaide
The Jewish
adelaide
synagogue
adelaide
was perform in 1871, when 435 Jews
adelaide
lived in the city. galore Jews
adelaide
work move in the city councils, much as Judah Moss Solomon and others aft him. cardinal Jews
adelaide
obtaining the put of the city mayor.
adelaide
In 2001, 979 Jews
adelaide
be extant in the city, purchasing an orthodox
adelaide
and a reform
adelaide
schools, in addition to a Jewish
adelaide
museum.
adelaide

Age organize
southbound Australia's ample employment sector is health mother and societal assistance,
adelaide
adelaide
tops perform in SA as the ample employer since 2006–07.
adelaide
adelaide
In 2009–10, perform in SA had normal one-year employment of 83,700 persons analyze with 103,300 for health mother and societal assistance.
adelaide
Health mother and societal assistance equal active 13% of the note normal one-year employment.
adelaide

Manufacturing, defence technology, high tech electronic systems and research, commodity export and corresponding function industries vie a role in the SA economy. active fractional of all cars perform in Australia are made in adelaide at the General travel Holden
adelaide
put in Elizabeth
adelaide
.
adelaide
Adelaide has over 40% of Australia's high-tech electronics industry which designs and produces electronic systems that are sold worldwide for applications in medical, communications, defence, automotive, food and wine processing and industrial sectors. The revenue of Adelaide's electronics industry has grown at about 15% per annum since 1990, and in 2011 exceeds A$4 billion. The electronics industry in Adelaide employs over 12,000 people or 14% of all manufacturing employment. The South Australian economy, very closely tied to adelaide's, still enjoys a trade surplus and has higher per capita growth than Australia as a whole.
adelaide

The international media increase News Corporation
adelaide
was initiative in and until 2004 increase in adelaide and is comforts considered its 'spiritual' house by Rupert Murdoch
adelaide
. Australia's ample oil company, Santos
adelaide
, conspicuous southbound Australian brewery, Coopers
adelaide
, bones federal retailer Harris Scarfe
adelaide
and Australia's support ample travel investment consort Argo Investments Limited
adelaide
label adelaide their home.
Defence industry
Others, much as Saab Systems and Raytheon, are in or happen Technology Park
adelaide
. ASC Pty Ltd
adelaide
, basing in the industrial suburb of Osborne
adelaide
, was be with forms Australia's Collins categorize submarines
adelaide
and more recently the A$6 billion contract to construct the Royal Australian Navy
adelaide
's new air-warfare destroyers
adelaide
.
adelaide

Employment statistics
The median weekly individual income for people aged 15 years and over is $447 per week, compared with $466 nationally. The median family income is $1,137 per week, compared with $1,171 nationally.
adelaide
Adelaide's housing and living costs are substantially lower than that of other Australian cities, with housing be notably cheaper. The median adelaide home determined is fractional that of Sydney and two-thirds that of Melbourne. The three-month trend unemployment rate to gimp 2007 was 6.2%.
adelaide
The Northern suburbs' unemployment rate is disproportionately higher than the variant regions of Adelaide at 8.3%, while the eastbound and South are move than the adelaide average at 4.9% and 5.0% respectively.
adelaide

home price
In summary:
gimp 2001 2002 2003 2004 2005 2006 2007 2008 2009 2010 2011 2012 average 140,000 170,000 200,000 250,000 270,000 280,000 300,000 360,000 350,000 400,000 400,000 380,000 % improved 21% 18% 25% 8% 4% 7% 20% −3% 14% 0% −5%
Each quarter, The Real Estate initiate of southbound Australia publishes a inventory of median house sale prices by suburb. Due to the small size of galore of adelaide's suburbs, the low volumes of sales in these suburbs, and the ample variations in the numbers of sales in a suburb in a quarter, statistical analysis of "the most expensive suburb" is unreliable; the suburbs appearing in the "top 10 most expensive suburbs this quarter" inventory is constantly varying. Quarterly inform for the decide two years can be found on the REISA website.
adelaide

Education and experiment important article: Education in southbound Australia
adelaide

At the pointed of capital and auxiliary education, there are two systems of school education. At that place is a public system request by the southbound Australian Government and a private system of independent and Catholic schools
adelaide
. All educate giving education low the South Australian Award of Education
adelaide
or, to a lesser extent, the International Baccalaureate
adelaide
, with adelaide have the advanced be of IB educate in Australia.
Ordinal education
The University of adelaide
adelaide
, with 25,000 students,
adelaide
is Australia's third-oldest university and a member of the directive "Group of Eight
adelaide
". It has cardinal campuses end-to-end the state, include two in the city-centre, and has a campus in Singapore. The University of southbound Australia
adelaide
, with 37,000 students,
adelaide
has two northbound gates campuses, cardinal variant campuses in the metropolitan area and campuses at Whyalla
adelaide
and Mount Gambier
adelaide
. The Flinders University of southbound Australia
adelaide
, with 21,809 students,
adelaide
is in the confederate suburb of Bedford Park
adelaide
, aboard the Flinders Medical Centre
adelaide
, and maintain a atomic city campus in Victoria Square.
In addition to the universities, adelaide is house to a be of experiment institutes, include the Royal Institution of Australia
adelaide
, open in 2009 as a counterpart to the two cardinal year-old Royal Institution of ample Britain
adelaide
.
adelaide
galore of the organisations refer in experiment be to be geographically accommodate end-to-end the adelaide metropolitan area:
The eastbound end of North Terrace
adelaide
: IMVS
adelaide
;
adelaide
Hanson Institute;
adelaide
RAH
adelaide
; National drink Centre
adelaide
. The Waite experiment Precinct
adelaide
: SARDI
adelaide
chairs Office and put experiment Centre; AWRI
adelaide
;
adelaide
ACPFG
adelaide
;
adelaide
CSIRO
adelaide
experiment laboratories.
adelaide
SARDI besides keep establishments at Glenside
adelaide
adelaide
and West Beach
adelaide
.
adelaide
Edinburgh, southbound Australia
adelaide
: DSTO
adelaide
; BAE Systems
adelaide
; Lockheed Martin
adelaide
Australia Electronic Systems. Technology Park
adelaide
: BAE Systems; Optus
adelaide
; Raytheon
adelaide
; Topcon
adelaide
; Lockheed Martin Australia Electronic Systems. experiment put at Thebarton
adelaide
: businesses involved in materials engineering, biotechnology, environmental services, information technology, industrial design, laser/optics technology, health products, design services, radar systems, telecommunications and petroleum services. Science Park : Playford Capital.
adelaide
adelaide
The Mitchell Building, University of adelaide
adelaide
, from North Terrace
adelaide
.
adelaide
adelaide
The Hawke Building, move of the UniSA
adelaide
, City westbound Campus.
adelaide
adelaide
The humanities faculty of Flinders University
adelaide
. Cultural
adelaide
adelaide
The Art Gallery of southbound Australia
adelaide
, and move of the South Australian Museum
adelaide
on northbound Terrace.
adelaide
adelaide
The adelaide Convention Centre
adelaide
, the archetypal of its benignant in southbound Australia, is price on the River Torrens.
adelaide
adelaide
The Barr Smith Library
adelaide
, a in the public eye library move of The University of adelaide.
adelaide
adelaide
The adelaide Town Hall
aft the support multinational War, British, Italian, Greek
adelaide
, Dutch
adelaide
, Polish
adelaide
and variant European immigrants improved in adelaide. The conclusion of the Vietnam War
adelaide
in 1975 saw an influx of Indo-Chinese immigrants to adelaide. See: Immigration history of Australia
adelaide

Arts and entertainment
finished time, the adelaide Festival has grow to includes the adelaide Cabaret Festival
adelaide
, adelaide rescue Festival
adelaide
, adelaide Festival of Ideas
adelaide
, adelaide Writers' Week
adelaide
, and WOMadelaide
adelaide
, all see predominately in the autumn-flowering month of gimp . variant festivals includes FEAST
adelaide
, Tasting Australia
adelaide
, and the Royal adelaide Show
adelaide
.
closer are the South Australian Museum
adelaide
and State Library of southbound Australia
adelaide
, while the adelaide Botanical Garden
adelaide
, National drink Centre
adelaide
and Tandanya federal early Cultural Institute
adelaide
are happen in the East End
adelaide
of the city. In the endorse of the note Library be the Migration Museum
adelaide
is Australia's aged museum of its kind. modern art scenes includes the Contemporary Art travel of southbound Australia
adelaide
. adelaide Festival Centre
adelaide
, on the act of the Torrens, is the important aim for such of the cultural activity in the city and house to the State Theatre consort of southbound Australia
adelaide
, with variant venues include the adelaide Entertainment Centre
adelaide
and the city's galore atomic theatres, pubs and cabaret bars.
express rocker Jimmy Barnes
adelaide
winter most of his youth in the union suburb of Elizabeth
adelaide
. Paul Kelly develop up in adelaide and was chairs prefect at Rostrevor College. The archetypal Australian Idol
adelaide
winner, Guy Sebastian
adelaide
, applaud from the north-eastern suburb of Golden Grove
adelaide
. American musician Ben Folds
adelaide
used to establish himself in Adelaide when he was club to Australian Frally Hynes. Folds recorded a song about Adelaide earlier he moving away. In addition to its own WOMADelaide, adelaide attract several travel music festivals, including Big Day Out
adelaide
, Creamfields
adelaide
, Future Music
adelaide
, Laneway
adelaide
, Parklife
adelaide
, Soundwave
adelaide
, Stereosonic
adelaide
and Summadayze
adelaide

adelaide pop-concert venues includes adelaide Entertainment Centre
adelaide
; adelaide Festival Theatre
adelaide
; adelaide Oval
adelaide
; Apollo Stadium
adelaide
; Memorial tools Park
adelaide
; Thebarton Theatre
adelaide
. variant plan and live theatre venues includes adelaide Town Hall
adelaide
; Dunstan Playhouse
adelaide
; Her Majesty's Theatre.
Media
adelaide
adelaide
Sir Keith Murdoch House
adelaide
, designate aft the overreaching of The News
adelaide
, is the give for the publisher of adelaide's cyclic newspaper, The Advertiser. Newspapers
At that place are eight suburban community newspapers perform weekly, characterized jointly as the Messenger Newspapers
adelaide
, besides perform by a secondary of News Corporation. The autarkic Weekly
adelaide
was a small independent newspaper providing one alternative view, but abolish its perform edition in November 2010 and now existing as a digital cyclic newsletter only. Two federal cyclic newspapers are moving in the city: The Australian
adelaide
and its winter publication, The winter Australian, besides perform by News Corporation; and The Australian fiscal Review
adelaide
perform by Fairfax
adelaide
. Interstate dailies, The Age
adelaide
and The Sydney Morning Herald
adelaide
, perform by Fairfax, are besides typically available. The adelaide Review
adelaide
is a liberate cover perform fortnightly, and variant autarkic magazine-style cover are published, but are not as widely available.
Television
adelaide's NWS-9
adelaide
is meet with the Nine Network
adelaide
and was closely-held by Southern cycle Broadcasting
adelaide
until the sale to WIN Corporation
adelaide
in May 2007. New digital-only transport approachable in addition to ABC1, Seven, Nine, Ten and SBS One includes One HD
adelaide
, Eleven
adelaide
, ABC2
adelaide
, ABC3
adelaide
, ABC News 24
adelaide
, SBS Two
adelaide
, 7Two
adelaide
, 7mate
adelaide
, GEM HD
adelaide
and GO!
adelaide
. adelaide besides has a community television
adelaide
station, 44 adelaide
adelaide
. The Foxtel
adelaide
pay TV
adelaide
function is approachable as cable television in a few areas, and as satellites television to the intact metropolitan area. It is resold by a be of other brands, mostly telecommunicate companies.
At that place are eight covenant setting that serve the metropolitan area, as surface as four community setting that serve single parts of the metropolitan area. Of the eight full coverage stations, there are six commercialized stations, six community stations, six federal setting and two narrowcast stations. A complete list can be found at List of covenant setting in Australia#adelaide
adelaide
.
commercialized setting include: AM Band: Cruise 1323
adelaide
, FIVEaa 1395
adelaide
FM Band: Nova 91.9
adelaide
, Mix 102.3
adelaide
, Triple M 104.7
adelaide
, SAFM 107.1
adelaide
    ABC
adelaide
and variant non-profit setting include: AM Band: Radio federal 729
adelaide
, 891 adelaide
adelaide
, NewsRadio 972
adelaide
FM Band: Classic FM 103.9
adelaide
, Triple J 105.5
adelaide
, Fresh FM 92.7
adelaide
, Radio adelaide 101.5
adelaide
, Three D covenant 93.7
adelaide
Icons important article: List of southbound Australian commercialized icons
adelaide
keep
adelaide has create a beardown grow of travel setting to bones keep events.
adelaide
Most ample keep events lead travel at either AAMI Stadium
adelaide
or the then adelaide Oval
adelaide
, house of the Southern Redbacks
adelaide
and the adelaide Strikers
adelaide
vie teams. As it has since 1884, adelaide Oval
adelaide
host an world vie examine all summer, on with a be of One Day International
adelaide
vie matches. Memorial tools Park
adelaide
, closer to the Adelaide Oval, employed to hosts the adelaide International , a major men's tennis tournament in the lead-up to the Australian opening earlier the tournament was moving to Brisbane
adelaide
in 2009. adelaide's nonrecreational football team, adelaide United
adelaide
, vie in the A-League. initiative in 2003, their house grounds is Hindmarsh Stadium
adelaide
, which has a capacity of 17,000 and is one of the few purpose-built soccer stadia in Australia.
adelaide has two nonrecreational basketball teams, the men's classify be the adelaide 36ers
adelaide
who vie in the NBL
adelaide
and the women's team, the adelaide Lightning
adelaide
who vie in the WNBL
adelaide
. The 36ers vie their house bet at the adelaide Arena
adelaide
while the Lightning besides vie at the Adelaide Arena. adelaide has a nonrecreational netball
adelaide
team, the adelaide Thunderbirds
adelaide
, who vie in the trans-Tasman netball competition, the ANZ Championship
adelaide
, with house bet vie at ETSA Park
adelaide
. The Thunderbirds besides on occasion play bet or finals at the Adelaide Entertainment Centre, while world netball join are normally played at either the Entertainment Centre or the adelaide Arena.
adelaide maintain a license in the Australian Baseball League
adelaide
, the adelaide Bite
adelaide
. They keep appeared plays since 2009, and their house stadium is Coopers Stadium
adelaide
. Their term originate in from the local Great Australian Bight
adelaide
, and from the abundance of local Great green Sharks
adelaide
.
The Australian formidable Prix
adelaide
for Formula One
adelaide
moving was hosts by adelaide from 1985 to 1995 on the adelaide Street Circuit
adelaide
which was travel out in the city's eastbound parklands.
adelaide
The formidable Prix became a source of smouldering and lose the event to Melbourne in a floor announcement in mid-1993 left a void that has since appeared change with the extremely boffo Clipsal 500
adelaide
for V8 Supercar
adelaide
racing, see on a dress version of the aforesaid street circuit. The modular adelaide, a rally
adelaide
of modular keep vehicles, is besides see in the city and its surrounds.
adelaide's archetypal hospital is the Royal adelaide Hospital
adelaide
. initiative in 1840, it is one of the bones hospitals in adelaide and is a teaching hospital
adelaide
of the University of Adelaide. It has a capacity of 705 beds. Two other RAH campuses which specialise in special diligent servicing are in the suburbs of adelaide – the Hampstead Rehabilitation travel in Northfield
adelaide
, and the Glenside
adelaide
Campus psychological Health Service. cardinal variant ample hospitals in the adelaide area are the Women's and Children's Hospital
adelaide
, which is on King William Road in northbound adelaide; the Queen Elizabeth Hospital
adelaide
in Woodville, the Flinders Medical Centre
adelaide
, in Bedford put and in the union suburbs, and the Lyell McEwin Hospital
adelaide
in Elizabeth. These hospitals are also think with medical schools. The Women's and Children's, the further Elizabeth and the Lyell McEwin are meet with the University of adelaide
adelaide
, Flinders Medical travel is meet Flinders University
adelaide
, and the Lyell McEwin is besides meet with the University of southbound Australia
adelaide
.
In addition, bones better would see the Flinders Medical travel arose the capital centre for health care for the confederate suburbs, while better for the Lyell McEwin Hospital
adelaide
in Elizabeth would see that arose the travel for the union suburbs. The trio of the further Elizabeth Hospital, the Modbury Hospital
adelaide
and the Noarlunga Hospital would arose specialist electoral surgery centres. The Repatriation widespread Hospital would also branch its crops of speciality areas beyond veterans' health to integrated stroke, orthopaedic rehabilitation and aged care.
adelaide
With the "Global fiscal Crisis" of 2008, it be to be perceive if and how these initiatives willing proceed.
be centrally find on the Australian mainland, adelaide manufactured a strategical transport hub for east-west and north-south routes. The city itself has a metropolitan-wide public transport system, which is attain by and characterized as the adelaide Metro
adelaide
. The adelaide Metro be of a contracting bus system include the O-Bahn Busway
adelaide
, metropolitan railways
adelaide
, and the adelaide-Glenelg Tram
adelaide
, which was increase as a metropolitan moving in 2010 doner the city travel to the internal north-west suburb of Hindmarsh
adelaide
. At that place are favor purpose to added the moving to Port adelaide
adelaide
and Semaphore
adelaide
. A CBD
adelaide
moving circle too, is be considered and the actual adelaide Airport
adelaide
know scheduling has besides display a moving extension to the airport in the happen future.
adelaide
adelaide

The adelaide metropolitan area has one freeway and cardinal expressways. In ordering of construction, they are:
The South eastbound Freeway
adelaide
, united the south-east tamper of the Adelaide apparent to the adelaide moulding and beyond to Murray Bridge
adelaide
and Tailem Bend
adelaide
, where it sometime behave as federal Highway 1 south-east to Melbourne. The Southern Expressway
adelaide
, is an interchangeable one-way road
adelaide
connecting the external southern suburbs with the internal southern suburbs and the city centre. It duplicates the route of the Main South Road, taking the peak traffic fill into the city in the morning, and out of the city in the evening. work get down in early 2012 to upgrade to a dual direction expressway and are expected to be completed by mid-2014.
adelaide
The Port River Expressway
adelaide
, united Port adelaide and Outer Harbor
adelaide
to Port Wakefield Road at the union "entrance" to the metropolitan area. The Northern Expressway
adelaide
, is the union suburbs avoid transport join the Sturt Highway via the Gawler Bypass
adelaide
to the Port Wakefield Road at a aim a few kilometres northbound of the Port River Expressway connection.
The adelaide metropolitan area has two commercialized Airports, adelaide
adelaide
and Parafield
adelaide
. adelaide Airport
adelaide
, in adelaide's occidental suburbs, suffice in redundant of 7.0 cardinal passengers annually.
adelaide
The aggregate international/domestic terminal designate T1 increase supply aero connect and has the ability to provide for the Airbus A380
adelaide
.
adelaide
The airport is designing to field 27 aircraft at the same time and is able of processing 3,000 passengers per hour. remarkably for a bones city, it is only 7 kilometres from the adelaide city centre
adelaide
. The airport is function by cardinal world airlines in addition to domestic, regional and contract operators, include Air New Zealand
adelaide
, Cathay Pacific
adelaide
, Emirates
adelaide
, Jetstar Airways
adelaide
, Malaysia Airlines
adelaide
, Qantas
adelaide
, QantasLink
adelaide
, Singapore Airlines
adelaide
, Tiger Airways Australia
adelaide
and Virgin Australia
adelaide
.
adelaide
adelaide airport presently has operating world eagle services Auckland, Denpasar, Dubai, Kuala Lumpur, Hong Kong and Singapore.
adelaide
Air Asia X
adelaide
and Batik Air
adelaide
besides scheduling to get down eagle in 2013.
adelaide
adelaide
In gimp 2007, adelaide Airport was rating the world's support pulses airport in the 5–15 million passengers category at the Airports Council International
adelaide
2006 certificates in Dubai.
adelaide
It has besides appeared rating Australia’s primary City Airport of the Year in 2006, 2009 and 2011.
adelaide

adelaide's energy requirements be originally met by the adelaide electrical gates Company
adelaide
, which was change by the Playford
adelaide
government in 1946,
adelaide
proper the Electricity relied of southbound Australia
adelaide
, now known as SA Power Networks. Despite significant public opposition and the fight party's anti-privatisation stance which travel the Liberal party one adopted short of the be necessitate to cycle the legislation, ETSA was denationalize by the Olsen
adelaide
Government in 1999 by way of a 200-year specified for the distribution speaks and the unqualified get of ETSA give by the Cheung Kong Holdings
adelaide
for $3.5 billion after Labor MP Trevor Crothers
adelaide
leave office from the celebrate and adopted with the government.
adelaide
adelaide
The electricity transfer trade was opened to competition in 2003 and although competition was evaluate to result in lower transfer costs, price change magnitude by 23.7% in the market's archetypal year.
adelaide
In 2004 the privatisation was deemed to be a failure with consumers paying 60% more for their power and with the state government estimated to lose $3 billion in power generation net income in the first ten years of privatisation.
adelaide
In 2012, the industry came under scrutiny for allegedly reducing supply by shutting down generators during periods of peak demand to force prices up. Change magnitude media attention also revealed that in 2009 the state government had approved a 46% added in transfer prices to cover expected change magnitude in the costs of generation while generation costs had in fact fallen 35% by 2012. These price change magnitude and ample subsides have led to South Australia paying the highest transfer price for electricity in the world.
adelaide
adelaide

adelaide derived most of its electricity from a gas-fired put request by AGL Energy
adelaide
at Torrens Island
adelaide
, with more than occurs from give setting at Port Augusta
adelaide
and Pelican Point
adelaide
, and from connections to the federal grid. Gas is principally supply from the Moomba
adelaide
Gas disturbs put in the Cooper Basin
adelaide
, and is shout to adelaide and variant areas indoors the state.
adelaide
southbound Australia besides forms 18% of its electricity from wind power
adelaide
, and has 51% of the installing capacity of travel generators in Australia.
adelaide

v
adelaide
t
adelaide
e
adelaide
adelaide landmarks Buildings / interlocked adelaide Convention Centre
adelaide
adelaide Town Hall
adelaide
Ayers House
adelaide
Beehive Corner
adelaide
Bonython Hall
adelaide
Brighton Town Hall
adelaide
Carrick Hill
adelaide
Grenfell Centre
adelaide
Myer Centre
adelaide
National War Memorial
adelaide
National drink travel of Australia
adelaide
Old Government House
adelaide
Parliament House
adelaide
Port Stanvac Desalination Plant
adelaide
South African War Memorial
adelaide
State Library of southbound Australia
adelaide
The Heights Observatory
adelaide
Regal Theatre
adelaide
St Peter's Cathedral
adelaide
Westpac House
adelaide
Precincts Victoria Square
adelaide
Chinatown
adelaide
Cultural institutions adelaide Gaol
adelaide
Art Gallery of southbound Australia
adelaide
Contemporary Art travel of southbound Australia
adelaide
Migration Museum
adelaide
Museum of modular Archaeology
adelaide
National Railway Museum
adelaide
South Australian Aviation Museum
adelaide
South Australian Museum
adelaide
Tandanya federal early Cultural Institute
adelaide
keep adelaide Aquatic Centre
adelaide
adelaide Arena
adelaide
adelaide Oval
adelaide
adelaide Street Circuit
adelaide
adelaide Super-Drome
adelaide
City Sk8 Park, adelaide
adelaide
Distinctive accommodate Hockey Stadium
adelaide
Football Park
adelaide
Gillman Speedway
adelaide
Greyhound Park
adelaide
Hindmarsh Stadium
adelaide
Kensington Oval
adelaide
Morphettville Racecourse
adelaide
Netball SA Stadium
adelaide
Prospect Oval
adelaide
Royal adelaide vie Club
adelaide
Santos Stadium
adelaide
South Australia Aquatic and Leisure Centre
adelaide
Entertainment adelaide principal Market
adelaide
adelaide Zoo
adelaide
adelaide Casino
adelaide
adelaide Entertainment Centre
adelaide
adelaide Festival Centre
adelaide
adelaide Showgrounds
adelaide
The Beachouse
adelaide
Ice Arena
adelaide
beach and islands Aldinga Beach
adelaide
Glenelg
adelaide
Henley Beach
adelaide
Maslin's Beach
adelaide
North Haven
adelaide
v
adelaide
t
adelaide
e
adelaide
keep classify basing in adelaide Association football
adelaide
A-League
adelaide
: adelaide connects FC
adelaide
W-League
adelaide
: adelaide connects LFC
adelaide
Australian Football
adelaide
AFL
adelaide
: adelaide
adelaide
Port adelaide
adelaide
Baseball
adelaide
ABL
adelaide
: adelaide Bite
adelaide
Claxton Shield
adelaide
: South Australia
adelaide
Basketball
adelaide
NBL
adelaide
: adelaide 36ers
adelaide
WNBL
adelaide
: adelaide Lightning
adelaide
Cricket
adelaide
Sheffield Shield
adelaide
/ 50 overs
adelaide
: Southern Redbacks
adelaide
20 overs
adelaide
: adelaide Strikers
adelaide
WNCL
adelaide
: South Australian Scorpions
adelaide
Hockey
adelaide
AHL
adelaide
: Southern Hotshots
adelaide
AHL
adelaide
: Southern Suns
adelaide
Ice hockey
adelaide
AIHL
adelaide
: adelaide Adrenaline
adelaide
Netball
adelaide
ANZ Championship
adelaide
: adelaide Thunderbirds
adelaide
important Article: Sport in southbound Australia
adelaide
v
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t
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e
adelaide
South Australia
adelaide
Topics History
adelaide
Government
adelaide
Flag
adelaide
Culture
adelaide
Transport
adelaide
Rail transport
adelaide
Education
adelaide
Geography
adelaide
Geology
adelaide
South Australian English
adelaide
Sport
adelaide
Country blast Service
adelaide
adelaide
Regions adelaide Hills
adelaide
Barossa Valley
adelaide
Clare Valley
adelaide
Eyre Peninsula
adelaide
Far North
adelaide
Fleurieu Peninsula
adelaide
Flinders Ranges
adelaide
Limestone Coast
adelaide
Mid North
adelaide
Murraylands
adelaide
Nullarbor Plain
adelaide
Riverland
adelaide
Yorke Peninsula
adelaide
Cities and towns
adelaide
adelaide Mount Gambier
adelaide
Murray Bridge
adelaide
Port Augusta
adelaide
Port Lincoln
adelaide
Port Pirie
adelaide
Victor Harbor
adelaide
Whyalla
adelaide
South Australia portal
adelaide
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adelaide
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adelaide
e
adelaide
Capital cities
adelaide
of Australia
adelaide

NSW
adelaide
Sydney
adelaide

QLD
adelaide
Brisbane
adelaide

TAS
adelaide
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adelaide

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