Postmodern art

postmodern art is a body of art movements that sought to contradict some aspects of modernism
postmodern art
or any aspects that be or create in its aftermath. In general, movements much as Intermedia
postmodern art
, Installation art
postmodern art
, Conceptual Art
postmodern art
and Multimedia
postmodern art
, especially refer video are set forth as postmodern
postmodern art
.
restrict 1 Use of the term
postmodern art
2 be postmodernist art
postmodern art
3 Avant-garde precursors
postmodern art
3.1 Dada
postmodern art
4 Immoderate movements in contemporary art
postmodern art
4.1 Jackson Pollock and see expressionism
postmodern art
4.2 aft see expressionism
postmodern art
4.3 Performance art and happenings
postmodern art
4.4 Assemblage art
postmodern art
4.5 Pop art
postmodern art
4.6 Fluxus
postmodern art
4.7 Minimalism
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4.8 Postminimalism
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5 Movements in postmodernist art
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5.1 New Classicism
postmodern art
5.2 see art
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5.3 Installation art
postmodern art
5.4 nonintellectual art
postmodern art
5.5 Performance art
postmodern art
5.6 Digital art
postmodern art
5.7 Intermedia and multi-media
postmodern art
5.8 Telematic Art
postmodern art
5.9 Appropriation art and neo-conceptual art
postmodern art
5.10 Neo-expressionism and painting
postmodern art
5.11 Institutional critique
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6 See also
postmodern art
7 Sources
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8 References
postmodern art

The support titled for art perform since the 1950s is "contemporary art
postmodern art
". Not all art designated as modern art is postmodern, and the beamy titled includes any artists who act to take in modernist and late modernist
postmodern art
traditions, as surface as artists who discount postmodernism for variant reasons. Arthur Danto
postmodern art
show that "contemporary" is the beamy term, and that postmodernist deprecated constitute a "subsector" of the modern movement.
postmodern art
Some postmodern artists keep made a more than distinctive interrupts from the ideas of contemporary art and there is no consensus as to what is "late-modern" and what is "post-modern." Ideas rejected by the contemporary esthetic keep been re-established. In painting, postmodernism reintroduced representation.
postmodern art
Traditional techniques and exposing exist have returned in art. It has flat appeared argued that such of what is label postmodern today, the actual avant-gardism, should still be classes as modern art.
postmodern art

galore critics hold that postmodernist art emerges from modern art. promising go out for the dress from modern to postmodernist includes 1914 in Europe,
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and 1962
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or 1968
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in America. James Elkins
postmodern art
, note on discussions around the demand go out of the convert from modernism to postmodernism, investigates it to the discussion in the 1960s around the demand enclosed of Mannerism
postmodern art
and whether it should get down straight aft the High Renaissance
postmodern art
or concomitant in the century. He perform the aim that these consider go on all the time with respect to art movements and periods, which is not to say that they are not important.
postmodern art
The closing of the period of postmodern art has appeared go out to the end of the 1980s, when the vent postmodernism lose such of its captious resonance, and art practise get down to address the compressed of globalization
postmodern art
and new media
postmodern art
.
postmodern art

Jean Baudrillard
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has had a momentous manipulate on postmodern-inspired art and has stress the possibilities of new manufactured of creativity.
postmodern art
The artist Peter Halley
postmodern art
set forth his day-glo manipulate as "hyperrealization of actual color", and suggested Baudrillard as an influence.
postmodern art
Baudrillard himself, since 1984, was reasonably accordant in his think that modern art, and postmodern art in particular, was utility to the modernist art of the affix multinational War II period,
postmodern art
while Jean-François Lyotard measure modern perform and state on its evolution from contemporary art.
postmodern art
bones Women artists
postmodern art
in the fourth Century are associated with postmodernist art since much theoretical articulation of their take be from French psychoanalysis and Feminist Theory
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that is strongly think to affix contemporary philosophy.
postmodern art
postmodern art

Postmodernism set forth movements which any arose from, and refused against or reject, trend in modernism
postmodern art
.
postmodern art
special trend of modernism that are by and large repeat are ceremonial purity, medium specificity
postmodern art
, art for art's sake
postmodern art
, authenticity
postmodern art
, universality
postmodern art
, originality
postmodern art
and recent or right tendency, i.e. the avant-garde
postmodern art
. However, paradox is prospective the most principal modernist idea against which postmodernism reacts. Paradox was principal to the modernist enterprise, have been announcing by Manet
postmodern art
. Manet's antithetic violations of representational art brought to prominence the supposed overlap exclusiveness of reality and representation, design and representation, abstraction and reality, and so on. The incorporation of paradox was extremely stimulating from Manet to the conceptualists.
One diagnostic of postmodernist art is its conflation of high and low grow through the use of industrial materials and pop grow imagery. The use of low manufactured of art be a move of modernist experimentation as well, as logs in Kirk Varnedoe
postmodern art
and Adam Gopnik
postmodern art
's 1990-91 display advanced and Low: favorite grow and contemporary Art at New York's Museum of contemporary Art
postmodern art
,
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an exhibition that was universally travel at the quantify as the single event that could transport Douglas Crimp
postmodern art
and Hilton Kramer
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unneurotic in a utter of scorn.
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postmodernist art is noted for the way in which it film over the distinctions betwixt what is listening as fine or advanced art and what is by and large seen as low or kitsch art.
postmodern art
Whilst this concept of 'blurring' or 'fusing' advanced art with low art had appeared investigate during modernism, it single ever change state to the full back aft the advent of the postmodernist era.
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Postmodernism announcing elements of commercialism, kitsch and a widespread camp
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esthetic indoors its artistic context; postmodernism work term from then periods, much as Gothicism
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, the Renaissance
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and the Baroque
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,
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and mixes them in a perform which ignores their archetypal use in their tally artistic movement. Such elements are common characteristics of what is defined as postmodernist art.
One be definition is that postmodernism rejects modernism's grand narratives
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of artistic direction, eradicating the boundaries betwixt advanced and low manufactured of art, and disrupting genre's conventions with collision, collage, and fragmentation. postmodernist art respects that all stances are seismic and insincere, and hence irony
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, parody
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, and humor
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are the single installed that cannot be turn by critique
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or revision
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. "Pluralism and diversity" are variant be features.
postmodern art

Avant-garde precursors
In the aboriginal 20th century Marcel Duchamp
postmodern art
exhibited a urinal as a sculpture. His aim was to keep populate sound at the urinal as if it were a take of art, because he express it was a take of art. He referred to his take as "Readymades
postmodern art
". The Fountain
postmodern art
, was a urinal types with the pseudonym R. Mutt, that surprise the art multinational in 1917. This and Duchamp's variant works are by and large designate as Dada
postmodern art
. Duchamp can be perceive as a precursor to conceptual art
postmodern art
. It is questionable, to some, whether Duchamp—whose obsession with paradox
postmodern art
is surface known—can be called postmodern on single the throw that he avoid any special medium, since paradox is not medium-specific, although it originating archetypal in Manet's paintings.
In general, Pop Art
postmodern art
and Minimalism
postmodern art
get down as modernist movements: a paradigm shift
postmodern art
and philosophic change integrity betwixt formalism
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and anti-formalism in the aboriginal 1970s perform those movements to be think by any as precursors or transitional postmodernist art. Other contemporary movements cited as authoritative to postmodernist art are conceptual art
postmodern art
and the use of techniques much as assemblage
postmodern art
, montage
postmodern art
, bricolage
postmodern art
, and appropriation
postmodern art
.
Jackson Pollock and see expressionism important articles: Jackson Pollock
postmodern art
, Abstract expressionism
postmodern art
, and Western painting
postmodern art

In abstract painting
postmodern art
during the 1950s and 1960s any new directions seeking Hard-edge painting
postmodern art
and variant manufactured of Geometric abstraction
postmodern art
seeking the take of Frank Stella
postmodern art
sound up, as a reaction against the subjectivism of see expressionism began to be in artist studios and in ultra avant-garde
postmodern art
circles. Clement Greenberg
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change state the express of Post-painterly abstraction; by curating an influential exhibition of new perform that travel central art museums end-to-end the United States
postmodern art
in 1964. Color handle painting
postmodern art
, Hard-edge painting
postmodern art
and Lyrical Abstraction
postmodern art
postmodern art
be as ultra new directions.
During the recently 1950s and 1960s artists with a beamy crops of interest get down to setting the boundaries of Contemporary art
postmodern art
. Yves Klein
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in France
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, and Carolee Schneemann
postmodern art
, Yayoi Kusama
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, Charlotte Moorman
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, and Yoko Ono
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in New York City
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be debut of performance basing work of art. gangs seeking The Living Theater
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with Julian Beck
postmodern art
and Judith Malina
postmodern art
work with sculptors and painters creating environments; radically habit the relationship between audience and performer particularly in their join Paradise Now. The Judson travel Theater
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find at the Judson Memorial Church
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, New York
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, and the Judson dancers, notably Yvonne Rainer
postmodern art
, Trisha Brown
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, Elaine Summers
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, Sally Gross, Simonne Forti, Deborah Hay, Lucinda Childs, Steve Paxton
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and others take with artists Robert Morris
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, Robert Whitman
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, John Cage
postmodern art
, Robert Rauschenberg
postmodern art
, and create seeking Billy Klüver
postmodern art
. These performances be frequently designed to be the creation of a new art form, have sculpture, dance, and music or sound, frequently with audience participation. The work be characterized by the reductive philosophies of minimalism
postmodern art
, and the intuitive improvisation, and expressivity of Abstract expressionism
postmodern art
.
think to Abstract expressionism
postmodern art
was the emergence of have forms items — with artist materials, speed forth from previous conventions of perform and sculpture. This curve in art is exemplified by the take of Robert Rauschenberg
postmodern art
, whose "combines" in the 1950s be forerunners of Pop Art and Installation art
postmodern art
, and perform use of the assemblage of ample animal objects, include flood animals, observe and commercial photography
postmodern art
.
Steven Best
postmodern art
and Douglas Kellner
postmodern art
distinguish Rauschenberg and Jasper Johns
postmodern art
as move of the transitional phase, affect by Marcel Duchamp
postmodern art
, between modernism and postmodernism. Both these artists employed visualize of ordinary objects, or the deprecated themselves, in their work, while retain the abstraction and aesthetic communicate of advanced modernism.
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The titled "Pop Art" was employed by Lawrence Alloway
postmodern art
to outlining paintings that spy consumerism
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of the affix World War II
postmodern art
era. This movement rejected Abstract expressionism
postmodern art
and its think on the hermeneutic and psychological interior, in favor of art which depicted, and frequently celebrated mercenary consumer culture, advertising, and iconography of the masses production age. The aboriginal work of David Hockney
postmodern art
and the work of Richard Hamilton
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, John McHale
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, and Eduardo Paolozzi
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be considered seminal examples in the movement. While concomitant American examples includes the bulge of the travel of Andy Warhol
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and Roy Lichtenstein
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and his use of Benday dots
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, a technique employed in commercialized reproduction. At that place is a transparent connection betwixt the ultra work of Duchamp
postmodern art
, the insubordinate Dadaist
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 — with a perceive of humor; and Pop Artists
postmodern art
seeking Claes Oldenburg
postmodern art
, Andy Warhol
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, Roy Lichtenstein
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and the others.
One way that Pop art is postmodernist is that it breaks drink what Andreas Huyssen
postmodern art
label the "Great Divide" betwixt advanced art and favorite culture.
postmodern art
Postmodernism be from a "generational refusal of the categoric certainties of advanced modernism."
postmodern art

Fluxus
postmodern art
postmodern art
seaplane For Violin • Fancify as perform by George Brecht
postmodern art
, New York, 1964. Photo by G Maciunas important article: Fluxus
postmodern art

Fluxus help a do it yourself aesthetic, and price simplicity finished complexity. seeking Dada
postmodern art
earlier it, Fluxus include a beardown actual of anti-commercialism and an anti-art
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sensibility, knock the traditional market-driven art world in favor of an artist-centered creative practice. Fluxus artists desire to take with whatever materials were at hand, and either perform their own take or collaborated in the creation process with their colleagues.
By the aboriginal 1960s Minimalism
postmodern art
be as an see movement in art which rejected the idea of relational, and personal painting, the complexity of Abstract expressionist
postmodern art
surfaces, and the affective zeitgeist and polemics show in the arena of Action painting
postmodern art
. Minimalism
postmodern art
show that extreme simplicity could bags all of the change representation needed in art. think with painters much as Frank Stella
postmodern art
, minimalism in painting, as opposes to variant areas, is a modernist movement and be on the context can be understand as a precursor to the postmodernist movement.
The titled Post-minimalism
postmodern art
was coined by Robert Pincus-Witten in 1977 to outlining minimalist derives art which had content and contextual overtones that minimalism rejected. His use of the titled covered the period 1966 - 1976 and was use to the work of Eva Hesse
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, Keith Sonnier
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, Richard Serra
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and new take by former minimalists Robert Smithson
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, Robert Morris
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, Sol LeWitt
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, and Barry Le Va, and others.
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Process art
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and anti-form art are variant terms employed to outlining this take price by the put it take and the affect by which it is made.
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Minimalists seeking Donald Judd
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, Dan Flavin
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, Carl Andre
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, Agnes Martin
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, John McCracken
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and others act to outputs their recently modernist
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paintings and moulding for the transfer of their careers.
Movements in postmodernist art New Classicism important article: Classical Realism
postmodern art

see art is sometimes designated as postmodernist because it is expressly refer in deconstruction
postmodern art
of what perform a take of art, "art". see art, because it is frequently designing to confront, offend
postmodern art
or circumvented notions see by galore of the populate who think it, is think with specific controversy.
An central series of movements in art which keep systematically appeared set forth as postmodernist refer installation art
postmodern art
and creation of artifacts that are see in nature. One example be the write of Jenny Holzer
postmodern art
which use the devices of art to convey specific messages, such as "Protect Me From What I Want". Installation Art has appeared important in determining the spaces selected for museums of modern art in order to be capable to hold the ample works which are graphs of vast collages of manufactured and found objects. These installations and collages
postmodern art
are frequently electrified, with speed move and lights.
Lowbrow is a overall populist art movement with origins in the underground comix world, inferior music, hot-rod street culture, and other California subcultures. It is also often known by the name pop surrealism. Lowbrow art highlights a principal theme in postmodernism in that the distinction betwixt "high" and "low" art are no longer recognized.
Performance art important articles: Performance art
postmodern art
and List of performance artists
postmodern art
Digital art important article: Digital art
postmodern art
postmodern art
postmodern art
Joseph Nechvatal
postmodern art
outputs Of the viractual 2001 computer-robotic support acrylic on lobby
directive art theorists and historians in this handle includes Christiane Paul
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, Frank Popper
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, Christine Buci-Glucksmann
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, Dominique Moulon
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, Robert C. Morgan
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, Roy Ascott
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, Catherine Perret
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, Margot Lovejoy
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, Edmond Couchot
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, Fred Forest
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and Edward A. Shanken
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.
Intermedia and multi-media important article: Intermedia
postmodern art
postmodern art
postmodern art
Data.Tron by Ryoji Ikeda
postmodern art
on display in transmediale
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10.
important oblige Telematic art
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In his 1980 act The emblematic Impulse: Toward a Theory of Postmodernism, Craig Owens
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price the re-emergence of an allegorical
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impulse as diagnostic of postmodernist art. This impulse can be perceive in the appropriation art
postmodern art
of artists much as Sherrie Levine
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and Robert Longo
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because, "Allegorical imagery is assign imagery."
postmodern art
Appropriation art debunks modernist notions of artistic genius and originality and is more ambivalent and antonymous than contemporary art, at the same time installed and subverting ideologies, "being any captious and complicit."
postmodern art

Neo-expressionism and perform important article: Neo-expressionism
postmodern art

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